FCA statement on judicial review of PPI complaints measures



On 3 October 2017 the Court of Appeal refused We Fight Any Claim permission to appeal the decision by Mr Justice Singh (as he then was) in the Administrative Court on 4 August 2017 to refuse We Fight Any Claim permission to bring a claim for judicial review of the FCA’s new package of measures in relation to PPI complaints (including a 29 August 2019 deadline for making new PPI complaints). 
The decision made by the Court of Appeal is final and cannot be further reviewed or appealed.
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Hawaii Curbs Gun Violence



According to the Violence Policy Center (VPC), The Aloha state has fewer deaths by gunfire per 100,000 residents than any other state. The VPC attributes this to a no-nonsense attitude by state officials concerning the purchase, registration, licensing, transportation and use of all types of firearms.

VPC statistics show that in Hawaii, household gun ownership is estimated at 9.7 percent, lower than any other state. The reduced number of guns translates directly into a gunfire death rate of only 2.2 per 100,000 residents. Stated differently, fewer guns on the street mean fewer people being killed by gunfire every year.

This conclusion is contrary to the position of the National Rifle Association (NRA) which has for years contended that more, not fewer, guns should be in circulation to "ensure the safety of law-abiding citizens."

The most dangerous state is Louisiana, where an estimated 45.6 percent of households have at least one firearm. The death rate there per 100,000 is an astounding 19.04-almost ten times higher than the rate in Hawaii. Other states with high rates of gun ownership and corresponding high gunfire death rates include Alaska, Montana, Tennessee and Alabama.

Virginia (my state) ranks somewhere near the middle, with a household firearm ownership rate of 35.9 percent, and a gunfire death rate of 11.7 per 100,000. Still, that is five times more than the islands that make up the state of Hawaii.

Rules relating firearms in Hawaii are strict. According to the Legal Community Against Violence (LCAV), they include:

• No person may carry a concealed or unconconced pistol or revolver without a license to do so; however, permits for concealed weapons are rarely approved.
• Hawaii has no provisions allowing concealed weapons permit holders from other states to carry understood firearms. This includes police officers from other states who are in Hawaii on official business.
• Individuals who wish to purchase firearms must apply for a permission from the county chief of police, who "enforces the federal purchaser prohibitions." Then 14 days later the purchaser can pick up the gun.
• Magazines of 10 rounds or more are banned.
• Assault rifles and assault pistols are banned.
• No person shall be issued a permit for the acquisition of a pistol or revolver unless the person has completed a six-hour firearms safety training course.
• All firearms and ammunition must be registered with the chief of police of the county where the gun owner resides.
• It is unlawful to possess or carry a loaded firearm on any public highway without a permit to carry.
• When firearms are sold, even privately, the transferor is required to provide the name of the person to whom the firearm was transferred and a description of the firearm to the chief of police via registered mail within 48 hours.
• A gun owner is guilty of "criminally negligent storage of a firearm" if he or she keeps it where a minor is likely to have access to it.
• All gun licenses must be renewed annually.
• During a national emergency, all firearms held by dealers may be located and held in possession by the state.

When asked about the VPA report and accompanying statistics, Maxwell Cooper, legislative co-chairman for the Hawaii Rifle Association (loosely affiliated with the NRA), told the Honolulu Star-Bulletin, "I think that VPC has juggled the statistics to support themselves. " He added that, in his opinion, "Strict laws have no relationship to criminal abuse of firearms because criminals do not respond to laws."

Still, visitors to Hawaii as well as residents have little to fear from gun violence. Thoughtful citizens can attribute that to whatever they wish.

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Source by Gary Jacobsen

Scientific Police Management



The Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) represented the federal government’s contribution towards the “War on Crime.” Established as a division of the Federal Department of Justice, the organization administered funds to the various state and local enforcement agencies centered on educational, research, and planning initiatives. Through an act of the Omnibus Crime Control Act of 1968 the LEAA began its life of assisting local law agencies and finally ending its existence in 1982. The organization was the middle child of police organizations being proceeded by the Office of Law Enforcement Assistance and followed by the Office of Justice Assistance, Research, and Statistics.

LEAA went on to become the prevalent non-profit alliance for police professionals in the nation. A sample of its power to produce changes were evident when as a consequence of its enactment all Department of Police agencies which received government funding were required to eliminate the minimum height requirement policy for officers. This resulted in an increase of women being employed on the force.

Actions at one location can affect all law agencies regardless of where they are located. As an example, Delaware may not have any jurisdiction concerning the OJ Simpson trial or that of the Rodney King case, but the allegations relating within the trials or the ultimate results will affect policing actions everywhere including Delaware. These are not events which occur only in one location but could happen in any jurisdiction in America. Therefore distant events often create what is referred to as a legacy for law enforcement as a whole.

Arizona’s immigration bill has just that kind of a potential to become a legacy. Let me explain in detail. The results of actions elsewhere may initiate demonstrations in your home town in support of the original initiative. There is a chance that these demonstrations could lead to violence which forces the local enforcement agencies to interact.

As you can clearly see from the above example it would benefit all levels of law enforcement to utilize the empirical research data. By reviewing the information relating to the issues above data could have been previously collected and easily used to evaluate whether the actions proposed would affective various locations. The results could assess the effectiveness of the law enforcement agencies approach towards resolving the issues at hand.

Increased provisions for the funding necessary in support of the project should definitely be sustained. Times have changed and the lessons to be learned are not nearly the same as they were in the last couple of decades. Terrorist activities are continually on the rise and necessitate different actions then were employed prior to 9-11. The value and benefits achieved from our investment is well worth the cost. To terminate the funding on this issue would merely leave America more vulnerable at some future point in time.

Copyright @2010 Joseph Parish

http://www.survival-training.info

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Source by Joseph Parish