The Pros and Cons of German Shepherd Dog Ownership



The decision to adopt any dog ​​must be considered seriously, especially if you are thinking about a large breed dog such as the German Shepherd. As the third most popular dog breed in the United States for the last 10 years according to the American Kennel Club, the German Shepherd dog attracts attention with its good looks, intelligence, and strong personality. However, this classic and lovable dog breed is not an easy or low maintenance pet. Many pros and cons come with owning German Shepherd dogs.

For happy owners of these powerful dogs, the cons become just part of an interesting routine, but for other potential pet owners the challenges of a large breed can be prohibitive. As a German Shepherd dog owner for the last six years, I can credibly share my experience with this remarkable breed.

Pro: As a large breed dog, a German Shepherd presents a robust animal full of energy that allows its owner to make a bold statement with his or her pet and enjoy companionship with a dog that adds security to the home.

Con: This breed can easily prove to be too much dog for some people. They are strong, and often strong-murdered, and any owner of a large breed bears the responsibility of controlling his or her dog. When visitors to your home are barked at insantly by a Yorkshire Terrier, they would be annoyed, but visitors receiving an unrestrained barking session from a German Shepherd will suddenly feel like they are in the middle of a civil rights protest. Along with controlling the barking, you need to teach your dog not to jump on people. Getting hit in the chest by a 70 to 90 pound animal with big claws is painful.

Pro: A German Shepherd is an intelligent even mischievous animal that will respond well to training and be fun to play with. You will enjoy the interaction with your dog during formal training and be proud of the learning progress that your pet displays. German Shepherds require mental and physical stimulation, which makes them an excellent choice for a person or a family that wants to integrate a pet into an active and fun lifestyle. A German Shepherd is an excellent motivator for keeping you active and healthy yourself.

Con: A German Shepherd should not be left alone for long periods of time (more than a few hours). This applies to any dog, but as an original working breed, the German Shepherd dog is geared toward high levels of activity herding animals, assisting in search and rescue, and as law enforcement dogs. You must commit to exercising and stimulating your dog every day. In a German Shepherd reference by D. Caroline Coile, Ph.D., the author reported that this breed was bred to move for hours across large territories. Daily walks and play sessions along with several hours of attention are essential. It is of paramount importance that you commit to training your dog during adolescence and maintain an exercise routine through its life. If this is too much for you or your family, then do not adopt this breed.

Pro: As a German Shepherd owner you will receive countless compliments about your pet's beauty during its lifetime. They are gorgeous animals, and you will be proud of your dog, especially if you train him or her properly. You will admire and love your pet for its many capabilities and charms.

Con: German Shepherds will be naughty, particularly during the first two years. My dog ​​ate my birthday cake when she was two years old. Overall, be prepared to have things you love destroyed by chewing, digging, and rough play. Flower beds in a German Shepherd's mind look like a soft cool moist play station. Packages delivered to the front porch become chewy cardboard balls. All manner of possessions such as clothing, remote controls, books, walls, doors, and garden tools will be crunched between powerful jaws.

Pro: Being a very smart breed, the German Shepherd can be steered away fromappropriate behavior. Have lots of toys and chews available at all times. When your dog chews on the wrong things, give him or her a chew or toy and positively reinforcing chewing on the correct objects. Unfortunately, as far as I can tell, these strong-filled dogs will never inevitably give up digging. Their taste in landscaping will not win you any home and garden awards. I've had content myself with a dog trained not to dig up the vegetable garden.

Con: German Shepherds in general are susceptible to genetic conditions that can be troublesome or even debilitating. Hip dysplasia, panosteitis, and degenerative myelopathy commonly develop in this breed, and you will need to learn about care and possible prevention. This breed can also suffer from various allergies. My dog ​​has food and environmental allergies that took me months to sort of before she got relief. Good breeding can limit the frequency of these conditions but there are no guarantees.

Thinking through how you will respond to the challenges of dog ownership before you adopt will significantly help you enjoy your pet. Dogs, especially German Shepherds, need your attention, formal training, and consistent exercise. Ignoring these needs will lead to a negative experience and an unhappy dog ​​that might end up at the shelter. The joys and challenges of owning a German Shepherd overlap with the needs of most large breeds, but it is essential to recognize that a German Shepherd is not a mellow breed. It is an active dog that will always be looking for fun. Depending on your situation and lifestyle, these tracks could be ideal or burdensome.

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Source by Tracy Falbe

2011 Taxes: Late Filing Penaltyies for LLC, S Corp, and Partnership Returns



There is a lot of controversy about the current spending habits of our Federal Administration. Because of the many bailouts and several other reasons, our national debit is at a record high and getting bigger every minute. This has caused the IRS to start looking for ways that they can collect money, and they are changing their practices to bring in revenue. One major change we are seeing is that the IRS is looking at all the laws that they have not been as "strict" on over the past few years and finding ways to cash in on them.

One of the ways that the IRS is changing its practices is with late penalties for filing information returns. An information return is one that is filed with the IRS but does not have a tax attached to it. Income tax returns for S Corporations, LLC's, and Partnerships are all information returns because they are flow through entities and the taxes are paid by the owners of the entities on their personal tax returns. So these returns simply report to or inform the IRS about the income and expenses of the entity. Also included with information returns are the IRS's copy of 1099 forms and W-2 forms. So if you do not file these on time the IRS will fine you.

In the past if you filed an information return late, you may or may not have received a penalty. The enforcement of the late penalty was pretty inconsistent even though the IRS rules provided for a penalty for late filing, and until now, it has not been strictly enforced. Most of the time, we could simply write a letter and get the penalty waived. The IRS has noticed that this penalty has the potential to bring in millions of dollars of revenue so, they are not only sending more letters for penalties for filing late, but they have upped the penalty from $ 400 a month per owner to $ 1000 a month per owner, and they are not waiving the penalties.

So what does this mean to you if you file a late entity return? Let's say you have a LLC with 3 members and you file your return 3 months late. You will now receive a penalty of $ 9000. ($ 1000 x 3 Owners x 3 Months = $ 9000 Late Penalty)

Remember that Corporation tax returns are due March 15th and LLC and Partnership returns are due April 18th this year. If you need help in filing an extension let your accountant know one week ahead of the due date so that they can get confirmation that the extension was filed and accepted. With the IRS growing more strict, they need to have this documented proof of extensions and filings.

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Source by Matthew P Anderson

Private Investigator



Private Investigators and the private investigative industry historically have been shrouded in mystery. The nature of its practice is to acquire information discreetly and covertly utilizing various investigative methods and technology for the benefit of the hiring client. Some of the technological equipment used is commonplace; however the methods are industry specific. The private investigative industry has been glamorized by the film noire genre of movies, mystery, fiction novels and through various adaptations and variances of the theme of the "Hard Boiled Private Eye". However, the modern day private investigator is inclined to be active in his professional capacity in a corporate environment as much as in the dark alleles frequently depicted in pulp fiction literature.

Private investigators are usually competent individuals who provide their investigative services to individuals, attorneys, corporations and insurance companies to help them find answers and / or address concerns relevant to their interests. The concerned issues can be of a civil of criminal nature which requires the knowledge, experience and skill of a private investigator to resolve or provide clarity. An effective investigator seeks information without bias; the collected data is formalized for the client's assessment and usage without the investigator's prejudice or personal opinion. Most private investigators will not guarantee the results of an investigation for as the case unfolds discovery might affect the outcome, negatively or positively, supporting or unsupportive of the client's objective. The process of conducting an investigation is to conceal and provide the relevant facts and disclosure this information confidently to the hiring client. The documentation of the findings in the investigative report may be contractual to the Trier of Facts in a court proceeding, provide closure and solace to aggrieved parties or help establish a course of action to management personnel.

The private investigative industry is vast and practitioners usually develop competency in one or a few areas. Many times this is resultant from previous employment in law enforcement or other professions. This creates the body of knowledge and experience from which the investigator taps to assist his / her clients with their private investigative needs. The professional investigator will also keep abreast of industry developments through networking with other investigators, reading industry journals and attending seminars, etc. to expand his knowledge base. This effectively makes the private investigator provide more value to the client which normally results in a higher level of satisfaction and possibly referral to other prospective clients.

The modern day private investigator's role in society elicits disdain from some people and admiration from others; their role is essential which provides a service and fulfillment a need not satisfied by law enforcement, other quasi governmental entities or other professionals. This role has developed parallel to law enforcement in duration with law enforcement sometimes being understaffed or prioritizing its resources for cases of higher public importance. There are times when laws restrict the activities of law enforcement personnel as agents of the government whereas private investigators being private citizens are exempt from these restrictions. However, there are some activities that law enforcement personnel can do that are not authorized for private investigators. Private investigators overall do have more anonymity than law enforcement personnel which can be advantageous to certain case investigations.

The modern day private investigator continues to evolve and adapt to the changing landscape in which his / her services are required. This evolutionary process which affects all of nature ensures the survival of the fittest; those who refuse or are incapable of evolving become extinct. This automatically translates into increase competency in the industry and the requirement to be an effective, efficient top rate private investigator for the ultimate benefit of the hiring client. However, the shroud of mystery still continues and is an essential component of the craft to be effective, but the new breed of private investigators are exponentially more savvy than their predecessors.

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Source by Peter Bolt

Forklift Safety Training Protects Workplace 'Muscle Machines' and Operators



Forklift safety training teachers employees the differences between operating an automobile and 'driving' powered industrial trucks (PIT) that are used in many industries, primarily to move materials. When used correctly, these 'muscle machines' are an effective and efficient way to move, raise, lower, or remove large objects or a number of smaller objects on pallets or in boxes, crates, or other containers.

Used correctly by operators who have not received forklift safety training and these muscle machines turn into monsters as shown by these statistics from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH):

  • There are 94,750 injuries related to forklift accidents are reported each year
  • Every 3 days someone in the US is killed in a forklift-related accident – According to research conducted by the Industrial Truck Association, tip-overs account for 42% of these deaths which are most likely to occur at manufacturing facilities, following by construction sites .

Many employees are injured when vehicles are driven off loading docks or fall between docks and an unsecured trailer. Most accidents also involve property damage, including damage to overhead sprinklers, racking, pipes, walls, and machinery.

Unfortunately, according to OSHA, most employee injuries and property damage can be attributed to lack of safe operating procedures, lack of safety-rule enforcement, and insufficient or inadequate training.

OSHA Compliance

Ongoing professional education, often taught and refreshed with forklift safety training videos, is a vital part of stopping accidents and lower fatalities. It is so important, in fact, that OSHA requires every company that uses PIT devices to train their employees on safe practices and that operators become certified on the individual machines they operate.

Some of the key issues of compliance are

  • Companies must offer both classroom training and hands-on equipment evaluations
  • Companies must insure that all personnel who operate the equipment, even if only rarely, receive safety training
  • Companies must re-evaluate operators every 36 months , regardless of tenure
  • Companies must provide refresher training in the case of near-miss situations or observed unsafe operation
  • Training must cover 100% of the OSHA regulations relating to forklifts and mechanical lift trucks
  • Training must be site- and equipment-specific, meaning that operators must be tested on the actual equipment that they will use in the actual environment in which they will use it

Antidote to Accidents

Forklift safety training can help prevent the injuries that occur to pedestrians and workers who are stuck, employees during the operation of a PIT, employees falling from forklifts or being crushed, and forklifts that overturn.

"Workplace safety training has been proven to be an effective way for business owners to minimizeize risk to their people and their property by ensuring that workplace machinery is used correctly," says Mark Woeppel, President and CEO of Pinnacle Strategies, the company behind Safety- Video.com and a leading distributor of electrical safety training videos.

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Source by Mark Woeppel

3 Ways to Help Prevent Title Issues in Real Estate Investing



A marketable title in a real estate transaction means that the buyer is getting a deed to the property that is insurable by a title insurance company and he is not assuming any liabilities from the former owner. All deficiencies in the chain of title (defects) or attachments have been cured in the past or do not exist at the time of closing.

It is very simple to get what is called an insurable title. For the casual observer at the closing, this title may appear to be the same as a marketable title. The difference can be enormous and very expensive later for the buyer. Title defects and deficiencies can be passed to the new owner if the closing agent makes these exceptions or exclusions to the title policy. The title will be insured at closing except for these title problems.

This process of passing a title issue to a buyer is luckily not all that common except in REO (bank-owned) properties. With REOs the acquisition of the property by a foreclosure action can cause defects in the title for a number of reasons, including improper service to the legal owners of the property.

Many banks don’t maintain their properties until required to do so by the local municipality that does code enforcement. This can result in on-going code violations that can quickly result in hundreds of thousands of dollars which the banks are seldom willing to pay. In most cases the banks will try and pass these liens on to the unwary buyer/investor.

While there are other preventative methods to protect yourself when buying any property, here are three that are simple and work very well:
1. Always put the following or similar clause in your purchase contract, “Seller to provide clear, marketable and insurable title at closing.” Some banks selling REOs will not agree to this and you will likely have a major problem selling to an end-buyer who wants to purchase with conventional financing.

2. Ask to see the title commitment from the closing agent before you go to the actual closing. This is the identical document that will become your title policy after your new deed has been recorded. Look carefully at the exclusions and exceptions listed in Schedule A or B, whichever is applicable to that title insurer. Ask the closing agent to delete the B-1 exceptions at the closing and your title commitment will become your title policy. If you find lines or title issues as exceptions in your commitment, get them cured before you close.

3. Ask the closing agent to review the lien letters he got back from the municipalities that enforce code violations for your property. If the lien letters are not back, don’t close as the letters stipulate that no code violations exist that have not yet become liens in the public record. These violations, but not yet liens, are exempt from the title policy in most cases, but you will be responsible for them as the new owner.

In summary, taking a few minutes to review the above documents and using the specific clause in your contracts will go a long way toward making sure you get a title that you can transfer to another buyer without concern. I am seeing deficient title work and defects in over 40% of REO closings that we do and it is such a problem that we do what I call shadowing the closings using our attorneys to review the title work of the REO closing agents. As an example, the most common mistake is not paying an existing water bill at closing as the bill is not yet a lien so it doesn’t appear in a lien search. Just one of these bills was over $2,400 alone so be careful and review you closing documents or have your own attorney do it for you.

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Source by Dave Dinkel

Passing the CHP Written Test



You’ve decided to tackle the legendary CHP written test – the mine field of writing and reading skills that is your first hurdle to overcome in the endurance race to make the CHP eligibility list – and ultimately get hired and join the ranks of this honored law enforcement tradition.

To make this as painless as possible, let’s look at the basic assets you need in order to even consider taking this step.

“Ultimately, having a 12th grade reading and writing skill level is the key to passing the written examination phase for the Cadet, CHP.” – CHP Applicant Study Guide 2-3

Straight from the official study guide – your first asset is having high school graduate English skills. That would mean you passed your high school English classes and have retained most of the lessons you learned.

If this made you shake your head with doubt, then you need to consider what you can do to pump up your assets before you step into action with this test. This is the beginning of your dream — no room for errors and no sense in going in flat-footed and unarmed. Your mind is your weapon of choice in this battle and only a fool steps into the unknown with a rusty weapon or one that hasn’t been sighted in on the target.

Your second asset is desire to succeed. You have to want this achievement with single-minded intensity. You have to translate your desire for success into a dedicated acquisition of mental weapons that can secure your success. This means finding the best resources for studying and boosting the skills you need for the CHP Written test.

This leads us to your third asset – your willingness to take effective, focused actions that fully support achieving your CHP Written test quest.

Keep in mind that the mental processes, study techniques, and information gathering and retrieval systems you set up now should be stable, productive, and accurate enough to follow you through the testing process and into your career as a CHP law enforcement professional.

The CHP Written test is your opportunity to develop and begin honing observation techniques that capture, retain, and accurately reproduce information at the written level. You can begin grooming skills that allow you to filter pertinent facts, perform relevancy comparisons, and develop substantiated event scenarios – through focused intelligence gathering processes.

Your final asset is belief in yourself. This should be at the core of your campaign to conquer the CHP Written test — your belief in your capabilities and your law enforcement destiny.

With the right assets and the right tools, you can confidently put the CHP Written test in your pocket and move on to your next CHP test goal.

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Source by George M. Godoy

Release IRS Tax Levies – Bank Levy, Wage Garnishment – Get Immediate Releases



Being a Former IRS Agent Revenue Officer I know how to get levies released quickly. The following is the information you need to know about the process. You should always work with a tax professional to get the best possible deal with the IRS. Experience pays off.

You can get Immediate Releases of IRS Tax Levies as long as the IRS criterion is met. The two basic criteria are, all tax returns filed and up to date and a documented financial statement, 433F.

It is much easier than people think to get IRS Releases of both Bank Levies and Wage Garnishments, as long as you know what you are doing. The average professional tax firm will charge between $ 2,500 – $ 3,500 to get your bank or wage garnishment released as well as get your case closed and off of the IRS enforcement computer.

Here are some things to consider.

IRS does not want to levy. The IRS sends out series of four notices to the taxpayers letting them know of their intentions to levy. However most taxpayers to do respond. There are many cases where the taxpayers moved or never got the IRS notices. After IRS sends out the fourth notice, IRS sends out levy notices to a levy source they have on record. Those sources are usually a bank account or wage information. The IRS gets their levy information from the taxpayers themselves. You give them the levy information on your tax return, interest income from a bank source or your W-2. The IRS very rarely dragnets the banks in your living area.

The two most common levies:

An IRS Bank Levy, 668A is sent to at Bank or Financial Institution. The Bank will hold the funds for a period of 21 days. Your money sets in your account frozen and not yet turned over to the Internal Revenue Service. The IRS gives you a 21-day period to rectify the problem so you get to keep your money.

An IRS Wage Garnishment 668W is sent to your employer. Your next paycheck goes to the IRS minus some basis exempt money. Your wages continues to be garnished until the levy is released.

How the release process works:

IRS will require that all your tax returns are filed and up to date. You will have made sure you can fax and send to IRS any tax returns not filed. IRS will not usually release the levy until this happens. This is their leverage to make you file.

IRS will want a documented 433F financial statement. Once IRS reviews the financial statement, 433F, they will decide on how your case will be closed.

How cases are closed:

Settlement agreements can be in different forms:

a. Hodship Settlements. Cases usually go into a 3 year suspended status because of an inability to pay. This is also called currently noncollectable. Your case will go into a hardship status because you do not have the income coming in to meet your current expenses. The IRS will use the National Standards Program to assess hardship.

b. Payment Agreements. Cases can be closed with agreed upon monthly installment payments to the IRS.

c. Offer in compromise. There are three types of OIC's:

The IRS may accept an offer in Compromise based on the following:

1. Doubt as to Collectability – Doubt exists that the taxpayer could ever pay the full amount of tax liability owed within the reminder of the statutory period for collection.

2. Doubt as to Liability – A legitimate doubt exists that the assessed tax liability is correct. Possible reasons to submit a doubt as to liability offer include:

(1) The examiner made a mistake interpreting the law,

(2) The examiner failed to consider the taxpayer's evidence or

(3) The taxpayer has new evidence.

3. Effective Tax Administration / Exceptional Circumstances – There is no doubt that the tax is correct and there is potential to collect the full amount of the tax owed, but an exceptional circumstance exists that would allow the IRS to consider an OIC. To be eligible for compromise on this basis, a taxpayer must demonstrate that the collection of the tax would create an economic hardship or would be unfair and inequitable.

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Source by Michael D Sullivan

All You Need to Know About Registering Your Trademark



Any glance at recent current events will confirm that people have become more litigious than ever, especially over matters of intellectual property. As a result, it has become increasingly necessary to retain the best professional help available to secure a legal trademark for one's brand or patent. Although individuals and businesses can register trademarks on their own, there are numerous legal issues that can arise if one does not fill out trademark applications and follow the legal protocol correctly. Most importantly, it is very easy to infringe on the intellectual property of another trademark holder, which could result in hours of wasted time, exorbitant legal fees, and potential loss of the mark itself.

Experienced trademark lawyers can navigate businesses through the complicated details of trademark registration while helping to avoid the pitfalls of copyright infringement. Trademark registration practices very specific guidelines, and without a qualified professional to steer one through the hidden and unknown undertakings of copyright law, it is almost inevitable that mistakes will occur to nullify all of the hard work that has already been expired on product branding.

For example, many people do not know that trademark infringement does not necessitate meaning that a new mark needs to be identical to an existing copyrighted item, but only that it can, somehow, cause a "likelihood of confusion" in a consumer's mind. The boundaries surrounding the public's "likelihood of confusion" range from the strength or similarity of the mark waiting to be patented, to evidence of actual confusion in the public's mind. In addition, there are a number of other legal conditions that a judge will take into account while reviewing a copyright infringement lawsuit. Essentially, if it can be proved by the original trademark holder that a new trademark applicable, using a similar mark, willfully and intentionally attempted to deceive consumers into believing that their product is associated with someone else's brand, legal action can ensue.

Trademark attorneys are trained to conduct extensive national and international searches for currently existing marks that may be the same or similar to a business one wishes to patent for itself. In addition, a knowledgeable trademark and copyright attorney will also search for unregistered trademarks that may prevent a business from being able to follow through on its designs or plans. Copyright law is so intricate that considerations are not only made on where a trademarked name or image is used, but also how it is being used.

With the millions of trademarks, patents, and copyright that already exist in the world, it could prove impractical, if not impossible, to attempt to tackle the world of trademark registration alone. Only a highly skilled trademark and patent attorney is qualified to negotiate the labyrinthine passes of trademark registration, and then to best advise a business on which course of action will be most prosperous and effective.

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Source by George N Anderson

A Guide To California Auto Insurance Laws



Every state within the United States has different laws pertaining to car insurance minimums and requirements. The California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and the Public Utilities Commission set the requirements for car insurance within California. These requirements are mandated by law and are required to obtain vehicle registration within the state. If you don’t follow the auto insurance laws, you run the risk of having your license suspended, vehicle possessed, high fines, and even criminal charges. This is to say if you don’t get in an accident. If you get in an accident and don’t meet the requirements, you can face an extreme financial burden and be left holding the full costs of the accident.

In the state of California, private passenger vehicles are required to have minimum liability insurance, as outlined in California Insurance Code (§11580.1b). The minimum requirements are:

  • $15,000 for injury/death to one person.
  • $30,000 for injury/death to more than one person.
  • $5,000 for damage to property.

Liability insurance covers a person other than the policy holder in the event of personal injury or property damage. Comprehensive, also known as collision insurance does not cover these types injuries or damages. Comprehensive insurance will cover damages out of your control, such as fire, vandalism, theft or natural disasters.

In California, if you cannot afford the minimum liability car insurance coverage, individuals may qualify for the California Low Cost Auto Insurance Program. Specific details of this program can be found out by visiting your local DMV office.

When registering a vehicle, if involved in an accident, or when requested by law enforcement, you may be required to fully disclose your car insurance coverage. In addition to your insurance card, the DMV may require the following documentation:

  • A DMV authorized letter
  • California Proof of Insurance Certificate (SR-22)
  • Evidence that the vehicle is owned or leased by the individual stated
  • A Notification of Alternative Forms of Financial Responsibility
  • A statement of facts or affidavit which makes claim of meeting insurance requirements

Following the California insurance laws doesn’t have to break the bank, every six months or so, It can be a good idea to get new quotes based on your current record. Every 3 years, accidents and traffic tickets drop off your record. In addition, as you get older, gain more driving experience, change jobs, re-locate, your car insurance costs can decrease. Online websites have made it easy for consumers to compare rates and receive quotes from insurance providers in their area that know the laws and can offer the biggest discounts.

At the end of the day, it’s important to be sure you’re fully insured based on the state requirements to avoid unnecessary expenses and risk facing civil and even criminal charges.

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Source by Mike Deloit

Careers in Laboratory-Pathology Services – Helpful Information on this Career Choice



If you are interested in a career in Laboratory Pathology services, then there is a lot of information you need to consider. You will want to fully explore this career before you make your career choice and learn all you can about your options. This is definitely a great career choice for those who enjoy jobs in the medical field and is also great for those who love the sciences as well. So, before you totally make up your mind on this career, you will need to find out about the education you will need, the variety of job opportunities available, the salary outlook, and the variety of companies that offer great employment opportunities for those involved in Laboratory Pathology services.

Educational Requirements

Of course before you can even think about higher education to become a Pathologist, you will need to make sure that you graduate from high school and that you do well. After you graduate from high school, then you will need to go on to get an undergraduate degree. Usually you will want a degree in a scientific field, such as biology, chemistry, premedical studies, or some other scientific related field.

After achieving your undergraduate degree you are going to need even more school. You are going to have to go to medical school to get your Medical Doctor degree. This can take four years of learning and if you want to have your pathology doctoral degree you may have to spend an additional two years in medical school. Once you are out of medical school, your training still is not over. You will need to have a four year maintenance working in pathology. If you want to have a subspecialty in medical pathology, then you'll need even more time as a resident. Also, you will have to take a test and be licensed by the particular state you want to practice in. So, as a general rule, you can expect to spend a minimum of 12 years training to get involved in this career.

Various Job Opportunities Available

If you work in Laboratory Pathology services, then there are a variety of different job opportunities that are available to you. There are many jobs for people involved in this career in the hospitals. You can work in the lab doing a variety of tests on various specimens trying to find out whether the patient has a disease, and if they do, what stage the disease may be in. Some pathologists also do autopsies on people who have already died as well to find out what the cause of death may have been. There are also people in this field that work in laboratories that are separate from hospitals. There are independent labs that actually work for a variety of different doctors offices, and you can find a great career working in one of these laboratories as well.

A variety of different specialties in this field exist as well. You may be able to work in specialties such as blood banking, medical chemistry, neuropathology, hematology, forensic pathology, radioisotopic pathology, or even medical microbiology. Some people that enter this career also go on to become teachers at universities as well, while others actually can train law enforcement officers a variety of techniques to use when they are doing investigations.

The Salary Outlook

When it comes to the salary that someone involved in the Laboratory Pathology services can make, there are a variety of factors that can influence these figures. The salary may depend on your experience, your specific specialty, and the area that you are working in as well. Usually you can expect to make at least $ 80,000 if you go into teaching in this field. However, as you get more experience, most people in this field with an MD degree typically earn more than $ 200,000 each year. You may also get other great benefits such as paid vacations and holidays, a retirement plan, and health insurance paid for by the company.

A Few Companies to Consider

If you are planning to get involved in a Laboratory Pathology career, than you will probably want to know what companies to consider working for, once you are ready to enter employment. A few companies to consider in the United States include Premier Pathology Laboratories in California, the UTMD Anderson Cancer in Texas, and St.. Luke's Cornwall Hospital in New York. In Canada a few great companies you may want to consider include the Provincial Health Services Authority in British Columbia, St. Mary's Hospital Center in Quebec, and Diagnostic Services of Manitoba.

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Source by Marcus Lim